Pakistani architecture is intertwined with the architecture of the broader Indian subcontinent. With the beginning of the Indus civilization around the middle of the 3rd millennium BC for the first time in the area which encompasses today’s Pakistan an advanced urban culture developed with large structural facilities, some of which survive to this day. This was followed by the Gandhara style of Buddhist architecture that borrowed elements from Ancient Greece. These remnants are visible in the Gandhara capital of Taxila. Indo-Islamic architecture emerged during the medieval period, which combined Indian and Islamic elements. The Mughal Empire ruled between the 16th and 18th centuries, and saw the rise of Mughal architecture, most prevalent in Lahore. During the British Colonial period, European styles such as the baroque, gothic and neoclassical became prevalent. The British, like the Mughals, built elaborate buildings to project their power. The Indo-Saracenic style, a fusion of British and Indo-Islamic elements also developed. After Independence, modern architectural styles like the international style became popular.
The rise of technology and idea of environment-friendly housing has increased the scope of architecture industry in Pakistan. The new techniques like smart geometry , computerized fabrication and designing have opened up new pathways for investors across the globe to invest in Pakistan.
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